Teaching Activities (2019-2020)

The PhD in Chemical and Environmental Sciences offers the following courses:

(Note that this page is under construction and some courses are not available in English yet. The courses planned for the a.y. 2019-2020 are highlighted in red bold characters)

  1. REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM: UN APPROCCIO INTEGRATO PER L’ANALISI DEI DATI AMBIENTALI 
  2. PROGETTAZIONE E SVILUPPO SU SCALA INDUSTRIALE DI API (ACTIVE PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENTS) 
  3. INNOVATIVE CATALYTIC METHODOLOGIES IN HETEROCYCLIC SYNTHESIS 
  4. MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY 
  5. CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS AT THE NANOSCALE
  6. RELAZIONI STRUTTURA CRISTALLINA – PROPRIETÀ FUNZIONALI 
  7. NANOMATERIALI: CARATTERIZZAZIONE ALLA MULTISCALA TRAMITE TECNICHE DI TOTAL SCATTERING E RELAZIONI STRUTTURA-PROPRIETA’
  8. METODI MATEMATICI E NUMERICI IN CHIMICA
  9. MACCHINE E DISPOSITIVI SUPRAMOLECOLARI 
  10. MATERIALI SUPERCONDUTTORI
  11. MICROSCOPIE ELETTRONICHE A SCANSIONE ED IN TRASMISSIONE 
  12. TECNICHE AVANZATE DI SPETTROMETRIA DI MASSA 
  13. MODELLING OF ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION DISPERSIONS: ANALYSIS OF THE EMISSIONS DUE TO ACCIDENTAL EVENTS
  14. CRITERI GEOLOGICI PER LA LOCALIZZAZIONE DI IMPIANTI AD ELEVATO RISCHIO AMBIENTALE 
  15. IMPATTI DEL CAMBIAMENTO CLIMATICO SULLA BIODIVERSITÀ VEGETALE 
  16. COSTRUZIONE DI MODELLI DEL DESTINO AMBIENTALE 
  17. PRINCIPI E PROCEDURE PER LA COMPATIBILITA’ AMBIENTALE DI PROGETTI DI INTERVENTI DI DISINQUINAMENTO 
  18. BIOMONITORING OF AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS
  19. WILDLIFE ROLE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
  20. PREDICTIVE ECOTOXICOLIGY AND BASIC CONCEPTS FOR MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS  
  21. PARTICULATE MATTER: RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK MANAGEMENT FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN HEALTH
  22. EXPOSURE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE 
  23. METHODS AND MODELS FOR THE EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT TO CHEMICALS
  24. MATERIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN
  25. INTRODUCTION TO EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN


Insegnamento # 1


Insegnamento # 2


Course # 3

INNOVATIVE CATALYTIC METHODOLOGIES IN HETEROCYCLIC SYNTHESIS

Teacher: Gianluigi BROGGINI

Objectives: The course aims at furnishing knowledge in the field of the homogeneous catalysis applied to the heterocyclic chemistry, in particular highlighting the importance of heterocycles in drugs.

Programme: Introduction to the transition metal catalysis. Change of ligands, coordination and dissociation. Synthesis of heterocyclic compounds by amination, hydroamination, alkoxylation, hydroalkoxylation and hydroarylation reactions promoted by palladium, gold, platinum and ruthenium catalysts. Carbonylation reactions. Stereoselective reactions: chiral ligands and stereoinductive models. Organocatalysis.

Teaching material: J.A. Joule, K. Mills, Heterocylic Chemistry, Blackwell Science, 2000. Reviews of the recent literature.


Insegnamento # 4


Course # 5

CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS AT THE NANOSCALE

Teacher: Federica BERTOLOTTI

Objectives: the course will provide an introduction on the most relevant aspects about nanocrystalline materials: from the synthetic procedures, to the characterization, up to the main applications.

Programme: introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology; main synthetic methods for the preparation of engineered nanomaterials; crystal structure and defectiveness of the materials at the nanoscale; characterization methods at different length scales; structure-properties correlations.

Books: Boris Ildusovich Kharisov, Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova and Ubaldo Ortiz-Mendez, CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, CRC Press , (2015), ISBN 9781466580343; slides and pdf files provided during the course.


Insegnamento # 6


Insegnamento # 7


Insegnamento # 8


Insegnamento # 9


Insegnamento # 10


Insegnamento # 11


Insegnamento # 12


Course # 13

MODELLING OF ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION DISPERSIONS: ANALYSIS OF THE EMISSIONS DUE TO ACCIDENTAL EVENTS

Teacher: Sabrina COPELLI

Objectives: The aim of the course is to provide a detailed description of the basic phenomenology of pollutant dispersions in an open field following accidental events. In addition, point source models will be introduced that will be able to provide a rough estimate (in terms of concentrations to the generic receptor) of the magnitude of these releases in the atmosphere.

Programme: Introduction to the concept of pollutant dispersions in the atmosphere; dispersion in the atmosphere of neutral, light and heavy gases; classification of releases (continuous / instantaneous); threshold limit values ​​for effects on people following the releases of toxic compounds into the atmosphere; phenomenology of the dispersion of a gas into the atmosphere; effect of atmospheric turbulence on the transport of matter, energy and momentum; the concept of atmospheric stability and the Pasquill classes; trend of wind rate with altitude; Gaussian models for continuous and instantaneous emissions (correlations and simulations using codes developed in the Matlab environment or ALOHA); the influence of mediation time on the measured and experimental concentration value; the effect of the size of a finite source; estimation of inertial and gravitational effects; the influence of the orography of the land and the presence of obstacles on the dispersions; reconstruction and simulation of incidental events: the case of Seveso.

Books:
– Introduzione alla affidabilità e sicurezza nell’industria di processo,  Renato Rota, Giuseppe Nano, Editore: Pitagora, 2007; EAN: 9788837116675; ISBN: 8837116675.
– Lees’ Loss Prevention in the Process Industries: Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control; Frank Lees; Butterworth-Heinemann, November 5, 2012 – 3776 pages.
– Slides and handouts provided by the Professor

Insegnamento # 14


Insegnamento # 15


Insegnamento # 16


Insegnamento # 17


Course # 18

BIOMONITORING OF AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS

Teacher: Roberta BETTINETTI

Objective: Fundamental basic elements to study freshwater environments to gather information for their correct management. Great attention will be posed to the Water grabbing problem.

Programme: Chemical-physical and biological characteristics of lakes. Communities and trophic relationship. Sampling of the different matrices, methods and instruments. Contamination of freshwater environments and their ecotoxicological monitoring. Water grabbing.

References: Bettinetti R., Crosa, G., Galassi S. 2007. Ecologia delle acque interne, (CittàStudi Ed.): 150 pp.

Emanuele Bompan e Marirosa Iannelli. Water Grabbing. Guerre nascoste per l’acqua nel XXI secolo.


Course # 19

WILDLIFE ROLE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

Teacher: Adriano MARTINOLI

Objectives: Provide basic elements for understanding wildlife management techniques in the context of biological conservation.

Programme: The Italian fauna is the richest of all European countries and amounts to approximately 56,000 known species, a value that represents an underestimation if we consider the recent descriptions, even of endemic species, thanks to the application of molecular biology techniques in the context of systematic and taxonomy. Italy, through the tools identified in the framework of the “National Strategy for Biodiversity”, is committed to integrating biodiversity conservation into economic policies, also as an opportunity for new forms of employment and sustainable social development, strengthening the understanding of the benefits deriving from biodiversity conservation and the perception of direct and indirect costs of biodiversity losses.

In this course, the themes of wildlife management are discussed analyzing their criticality and potential, also by strengthening and promoting a strategic, systemic and synergic approach that takes into account, as a priority, the need for flexibility. The course will also underline that the natural and socio-economic knowledge are essential reference points for operational and management choices.

The main monitoring methods and their effectiveness in collecting and analyzing data useful for the planning of management and conservation strategies, for the formulation and simulation of scenarios and predictive models, will be critically analyzed. Their effectiveness for monitoring and measuring progress and identifying problems in the context of preserving the Italian wildlife heritage will be evaluated.

The course will focus mainly on the following detailed issues:

1-Italian fauna components: definition, description and analysis

2-Wildlife conservation: critical issues and operational paradigms

3-Role of the fauna components in the ecosystems

4-Survey techniques, monitoring, harmonization and analysis of wildlife data

5-Management and conservation strategies

Books: Conservation Biology for All (N.S. Sodhi & P.R.Ehrlich, 2010) – The text can be downloaded at this link: http://www.mongabay.com/conservation-biology-for-all.html


Course # 20

PREDICTIVE ECOTOXICOLOGY AND BASIC CONCEPTS FOR MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

Teacher: Ester PAPA

Objectives: The course introduces the students to the use of multivariate analysis for the exploration of complex data and to the creation of in silico models able to describe quantitative structure-activity relationships and to predict missing data of interest in ecotoxicological field.

Programme: analysis of the structure of multivariate data and pre-treatment methods; principal techniques of data exploration: Principal Components Analysis, and Clusters Analysis; introduction to alternative methods to animal testing, the 3R strategy, QSAR modeling with examples of prediction of properties and activities for environmentally relevant organic chemicals.

Teaching materials: slides (pdf)


Course # 21

PARTICULATE MATTER: RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK MANAGEMENT FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN HEALTH

Teacher: Andrea CATTANEO

Objectives: Elucidate the risk assessment of particulate matter (PM) with focus on exposure assessment, which is the starting point for the development and implementation of effective risk management policies and control strategies based on the identification of the main determinants of exposure and sources of contamination in indoor and outdoor environments.

Programme: Atmospheric PM: definitions, dimensional and compositional characteristics, adverse effects on human health and action mechanisms. Measurement methods of atmospheric concentrations according to different metrics. Challenges and new research trends on the subject.
–          Approaches to the study of sources and determinants of PM exposure to ultrafine, fine and coarse PM fractions. Similarities and differences between indoor and outdoor environments: the role of infiltration factors. Analysis of recent literature findings on the subject.
–          Risk management: analysis of the most effective exposure mitigation measures and risk management policies. Evaluation of their effectiveness and efficiency on different scales (from microenvironments to regional and global contexts).

Learning materials: the scientific literature on the subject will be provided, as original articles and reviews.

Books: The scientific literature on the subject will be provided, as original articles and reviews.


Insegnamento # 22


Course # 23

METHODS AND MODELS FOR THE EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT TO CHEMICALS

Teacher: Andrea SPINAZZÉ

Objectives: The course aims to illustrate the main theoretical and practical issues related to the use of estimation models and other experimental methods used for the assessment of occupational and environmental exposure to chemicals, with particular reference to case studies related to emerging risk factors and the latest updates in the exhibition sciences.

Programme:

  • General aspects relating to the chemical risk assessment.
  • Estimation of occupational exposure to chemical agents using estimation models: methodological and practical aspects; reliability and representativeness of the exposure estimates.
  • Approaches and methodologies for assessing the risks of combined exposure to multiple chemicals.
  • Emerging risk factors: use of a probabilistic approach for risk assessment (the case of occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials).
  • Exposure of the general population to airborne pollutants, for epidemiological studies and the health impact assessment: exposure estimation (dispersion models; Land-use regression model), use of miniaturized sensors for monitoring selected populations and approach ” citizen-science”.

Teaching materials: W.R. Ott, A.C. Steinemann, L.A. Wallace: “Exposure Analysis” – CRC Taylor and Francis (ISBN– 13: 978-1-56670-663-6). Slides (pdf).


Course # 24

MATERIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN

Teacher: Vladimiro DAL SANTO

Objectives: To provide an overview of the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier and to provide specific information on innovative materials for its production.

Programme: Introduction to hydrogen as a sustainable energy vector (traditional vectors, alternative vectors, sustainable mobility, and stationary systems). Materials for the production, storage and use of hydrogen. Insights on materials for production: i. heterogeneous catalysts for renewables reforming, pyrolysis, partial oxidation; ii. photo- and photoelectron-catalysts for the production of solar fuels; iii. Electro-catalysts for electrolysers (proton and anionic exchange membrane systems).

Teaching materials: Papers and reviews taken from recent literature; slides (pdf).


Course # 25

INTRODUCTION TO EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN

Teacher: Barbara GIUSSIANI

Objectives:Provide the main skills to project and optimize experiments through the “Design of Experiment” approach.

Programme: Brief overview of basic statistics (average, standard deviation, data distribution). Introduction to experimental design techniques. Screening, advanced screening and optimization design: problem set up and data interpretation. D-optimal design.

Books: Brereton, R.G., Chemometrics: Data Analysis for the Laboratory and Chemical Plant, Wiley

Articles provided by the teacher.